Acne neo-natorum, neo natal acne, acne of the newly born, Toxic Neonatal Redness Erythema Toxicum Neonatorum (ETN), is a temporary and non-harmful form of acne that occurs on the face of newborn infants. The cause is unknown. It occurs in about twenty to thirty per cent (20 – 30%) of the newly born, more so in male infants.
The acne occurs more commonly on the face but can appear anywhere on the body. It is not due to infection or allergy and does not cause the baby any discomfort. Regardless, it is important that any rash on a baby is diagnosed by a medical professional.
Do not over wash the skin of the baby or use plenty soap or detergent. Babies have sensitive skin so any shampoos, gels, oils or creams should be very mild and fragrance free. Avoid picking at or attempting to remove the acne as doing so would be inviting bacterial infection.
Acne neonatorum settles completely within few days to a maximum of a month or two of birth with minimal to no treatment.