Bacterial Meningitis Treatment
Bacterial meningitis treatment involves antibiotics in high doses, usually by injection or a continuous drip into a vein, and patients always require hospitalisation. Patients can deteriorate very rapidly and most deaths occur within the first 24 hours.
The overall mortality rate is about 20%, although it is higher in children and with the Meningococcal form. Both common causes of bacterial meningitis can be prevented by a vaccine. The HiB vaccine is routine in childhood, but the meningococcal vaccine is an optional extra childhood vaccine or may be given during epidemics to close contacts of victims.
Other forms of bacterial and viral meningitis cannot be prevented.