Babies normally come into the world head first, but occasionally the wrong end fits into the mother’s pelvis and cannot be dislodged. About 3% of babies are in the breech position at birth. They are normally delivered by a caesarean section, but may be delivered normally with the assistance of forceps to protect the head.
Breech labours tend to take longer than head first ones, and there can be more problems for the baby, as the cord will be compressed during the delivery before the head is free to start breathing. Even so, the vast majority of breech births result in no long-term complications to the mother or child.