Vagina

The vagina is the passage (birth canal) connecting the uterus (womb) to the outside of the body. Usually about 8 cm long, it is joined to the uterus at the cervix, and passes through the lower part of the woman’s body behind the urethra and bladder and in front of…

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Vulva

The external female genitals are the area of sexual arousal. The vulva (female pudenda) consists of two pairs of fleshy folds or lips, and a small highly sensitive organ, called the clitoris. The outer of the two pairs of lips is called the labia majora (Latin for larger lips) and…

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Fallopian Tube

The two Fallopian tubes (oviducts) that make up part of a woman’s reproductive system are named after Gabriello Fallopio, a 16th Century Italian doctor and anatomist who lectured at the University of Padua. One Fallopian tube (Fallopian salpinx) leads from each ovary to the uterus. They are about 10-12.5 cm…

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Cervix

The cervix (often abbreviated in medical notes to Cx) is the narrow passage at the lower end of the uterus, which connects with the vagina. It allows blood to flow out of the uterus during the menstrual period, and sperm to enter after intercourse for possible fertilisation of an egg.…

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Breast

Also known as the mammary glands, the breasts are glands that develop on the chest wall of women at puberty. Some women have breasts that are higher or lower on the chest, but when kneeling on all fours so the breast is hanging down, the nipple is usually over the…

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Testicular Artery

There are two testicular artery, one supplying each testicle, arise from the aorta and take a long course through the back of the abdomen and inguinal canal in the groin to reach the testicle and scrotum. Twisting (torsion) of the testicle can restrict the blood supply through the artery and…

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Pubic Bone

The pubic bone (pubis) is one of the three bones that make up the pelvic bone.  It forms the front part of the arch of the pelvis, and lies immediately behind the base of the penis in men or in front of the vagina in women.

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Pubic Symphysis

The pubic symphysis (or symphysis pubis) is the fixed joint between the two pubic bones, which form the front part of the pelvis. It lies immediately in front of the bladder, and in women above the vagina, and in men, above the base of the penis. It is held together by…

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Hydatid Of Morgagni

The Hydatid of Morgagni is a small, unnecessary tissue sac that hangs loosely from the top of the testis in the male. It is also known as a appendix testicle. In men, it is possible for the sac to become twisted, gangrenous and painful.  Sudden onset of severe testicular pain and…

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Genitalia

The genitalia are the external organs of sexual intercourse and reproduction in both sexes. The term is synonymous with genitals.

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