Bannayan-Zonana Syndrome

Babies with the rare Bannayan-Zonana syndrome (also known as the Riley-Smith syndrome) develop a large head, low muscle tone, intellectual delay, a speckled penis and multiple lumpy growths (hamartomas) on the skin and inside hollow organs (eg. intestine). There is a small risk of the hamartomas becoming cancerous. The only…

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Baby Measles

Roseola infantum (baby measles, sixth disease or exanthema subitum) is a contagious viral infection that is caught by virtually every child in the first two or three years of life. It has an incubation period from 7 to 17 days, and most children will have such a mild attack that…

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Blocked Nose

Everyone will have experienced the sensations caused by a viral (eg. common cold) or bacterial (eg. sinusitis) infection in the nose, or rarely a fungal (eg. Candida) infection, that results in the excessive production of thick sticky phlegm and mucus. Hay fever and vasomotor rhinitis may swell the lining of…

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Bacterial Meningitis

Bacterial (septic) meningitis is caught from people who are carriers of the bacteria, but the victims are usually weak, ill, under stress or have their ability to resist infection reduced in some way. The most common forms of bacterial meningitis is caused by Haemophilus influenzae B (HiB), while the most…

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Baby Head Circumference

The circumference of the head in infants is often measured to detect an abnormally small or large skull, and to allow the medical treatment of any underlying cause (e.g. hydrocephalus, microcephaly) at an early stage. A tape measure is placed around the head from front to back and manoeuvred until…

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Baby Febrile Convulsion

Small children under the age of about four sometimes have convulsions because of a rapid rise in temperature. The actual temperature is not as important as the rate at which the temperature rises. These baby febrile convulsions generally consist of body rigidity, twitching, arched head and back, rolling eyes, a…

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Baby Dummy

The use of a baby dummy (or pacifier) always causes arguments. If a parent prefers a child to suck a dummy to a thumb, or use one as a pacifier, there is no good reason why not, provided the dummy can be kept clean. To coat a dummy with honey…

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