MMR

MMR is an abbreviation used in medical records for the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine, a routine vaccination of children.

Continue reading

Myxovirus

Myxoviruses are the class of virus that are responsible for infections such as croup, common cold and some forms of influenza. The paramyxovirus is a subclass that causes mumps, measles, Hendra virus and Nipah virus infections.

Continue reading

Mumps

In the 19th century, mumps was believed to be “a specific morbid miasma, generated during peculiar conditions of the atmosphere.” We now know that it is a viral infection of the salivary glands in the neck caused by a paramyxovirus, and it usually occurs in childhood. The responsible virus spreads…

Continue reading

Meningomyelocele (Spina Bifida)

Meningomyelocele (myelomeningocele) is a type of spina bifida. It is a defect of the vertebrae and spinal cord that affects about 2 in every 1000 babies, and results in a protuberant sac on the back that contains , meninges (covering of the spinal cord or brain) and spinal nerve tissue. The…

Continue reading

Meningococcal Meningitis

Meningococcal meningitis is an uncommon, serious bacterial infection of the meninges (membranes around the brain) and blood stream (septicaemia). Sporadic outbreaks occur worldwide, usually in winter, but up to 40% of the population carry the responsible bacteria in their nose and throat without any symptoms. Infection is more common in…

Continue reading

Meningitis

Meningitis is a viral (aseptic) or bacterial (septic) infection of the meninges, membranes that wrap all the way around the brain and spinal cord, and act to contain the in which the brain is supported. The diagnosis of both viral or bacterial meningitis is confirmed by taking a sample of cerebrospinal…

Continue reading

Measles

Measles (technically called morbilli or rubeola and historically called first disease) is a highly contagious Morbilli virus infection that is contagious from five days before the rash appears until it disappears. The incubation period is 10 to 14 days. It was originally a disease of cattle that was only passed…

Continue reading

    Text Size