Breast

Also known as the mammary glands, the breasts are glands that develop on the chest wall of women at puberty. Some women have breasts that are higher or lower on the chest, but when kneeling on all fours so the breast is hanging down, the nipple is usually over the…

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Breastfeeding Failure

Most women hope to feed their newborn child for the first few months of life, but unfortunately not all women succeed. The most common reason for failure is emotional or physical stress. The harder the woman tries to succeed, the more she will experience breastfeeding failure. Being relaxed with the…

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Breast Milk

Breast milk is the perfect food for babies, and can be used alone up to three months of age. It is cheap, easily digested, results in minimal faeces production, protects against numerous infections (eg. gastroenteritis, bronchiolitis) and is conveniently packaged for immediate use without any messy preparation. Colostrum is the…

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Breast Lump

Breast lumps probably arouse more concern among women than any other condition. This is because of the fear of cancer in an organ that is so significantly associated with femininity and sexuality. It is important to understand that there are many other causes of lumps in the breast, so if…

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Brawny Oedema

In medicine the term brawny refers to an area or structure (usually an arm or leg) that is firmly swollen with fluid (oedema) due to an obstruction to the lymphatic drainage. It may occur after the lymph nodes in the armpit are removed for the treatment of breast cancer.

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BRCA1

BRCA1 is the abbreviation for a gene that produces a protein that prevents excessive cell growth in the breast and protects against breast cancer. Its absence or inactivity leads to a dramatic increase in the incidence of breast cancer in a woman.

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Breast Biopsy

If preliminary examinations of a lump in the breast indicate that there is a suspicion of cancer, the doctor may order a breast biopsy. This may be performed inserting a hollow needle into a cyst or lump in the breast to extract fluid that contains cells, or some of the…

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Breast Self Examination

It is commonly advised that women are taught how to check their breasts for lumps and perform this easy procedure every month. Women who are still menstruating should do this after their period has just finished. The first step in breast self examination (BSE) is inspecting the breasts in a…

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Breasts Uneven

Most women have slight differences in sizes or uneven breasts, in the same way that most of us have one foot or hand a fraction larger than the other. All humans (male and female) have a tiny nodule of breast tissue present behind the nipple from birth. At puberty, the…

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Bromocriptine

Bromocriptine (Parlodel) is an antiparkinsonian medication used as a tablet or capsule to treat Parkinson disease, acromegaly, the abnormal production of breast milk and to stop the production of breast milk after childbirth. Tumours of the pituitary gland in the brain cause both acromegaly (excess bone growth) and abnormal breast…

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