Mammogram

A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast using a special technique to reveal the structure of the breast. It is one of the most significant diagnostic tools available for the detection of breast cancer. A mammogram may be ordered to investigate a lump that has been found during a…

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Mastitis

Mastitis is an infection of the breast tissue, almost invariably in a breastfeeding woman. It usually occurs if one of the many lobes in the breast does not adequately empty its milk, and may spread from a sore, cracked nipple. Women nursing for the first time are more frequently affected.…

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Mastectomy

Mastectomy is the surgical removal of the breast, usually because of breast cancer. There are a number of types that may be described as a:- partial mastectomy – only part of the breast is removed. simple mastectomy -only the breast tissue, and none of the deeper tissues or lymph nodes are…

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Megestrol

Megestrol is a medication used as a tablet to slow the progress of breast cancer as a last resort after it has spread to other organs. It is not to be used in pregnancy and women must use adequate contraception while taking megestrol. Regular blood tests to check the blood…

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Melphalan

Melphalan is a medication in the alkylater class used as a tablet to treat cancer of the breast and ovary, sarcoma, melanoma, multiple myeloma and polycythaemia vera. The dosage must be individualised by doctor for each patient depending on disease, severity, age and weight of patient. It must not be…

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Methenolone

Methenolone is an anabolic steroid that is used as a prescription tablet or injection to treat osteoporosis and uncontrolled breast cancer, and illegally by body builders. It must not be used in pregnancy, breastfeeding, adolescents or children, or if suffering from prostate disease or a liver tumour. Use with caution…

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Methotrexate

Methotrexate is a very useful medication for the management of numerous types of cancer (including cancer of breast and uterus), leukaemia, severe psoriasis, severe rheumatoid arthritis and several other unusual diseases. The tablet dosage must be individualised for each patient by doctor depending on the disease, severity and weight of…

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Milk

Milk is secreted by the mammary glands (breasts) of all female mammals and marsupials in order to feed their young. It contains nutrients such as protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals that are ideal for the young of each species. Dairy products are a staple food in the diet of…

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Mondor Disease

The rare Mondor disease is the formation of blood clots () in the superficial veins of the breast. It may even more rarely occur in the penis, armpit or chest wall. There is a sudden onset of pain and swelling of the skin over the affected area and a tender…

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