Sibutramine

Sibutramine is an anorectic medication used as a capsule to treat obesity in conjunction with diet and exercise program. It was introduced in 2001 and may be addictive. The normal dose is one capsule a day. It is not for use in pregnancy, while breastfeeding and children, or if suffering…

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Riboflavine (Vitamin B2)

A large number of tablets, capsules, mixture, drops and other preparations include riboflavine (vitamin B2) alone or in combination with other vitamins and minerals. It is used to treat a vitamin B deficiency and ariboflavinosis. The recommended intake is 1.0 to 1.7 mg. a day. It is safe in pregnancy,…

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Orlistat

Orlistat (Xenical) is a drug introduced in 2000 to treat significant obesity. It acts by preventing the absorption of fat from the intestine. Common side effects include diarrhoea (worse if fat eaten), flatulence, liquid faeces and headache. It should be used with caution in pregnancy and children, with peptic ulcers,…

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Methylcellulose

Methylcellulose is a dietary fibre supplement used to treat constipation, excessive appetite and . Two to five tablets are taken three times a day with water before meals. It is safe in pregnancy and breastfeeding, but not recommended in children. Ensure an adequate fluid intake while using methylcellulose, but do…

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Iodine

Iodine (I) is essential for the formation of the hormone thyroxine in the thyroid gland in the neck. A lack will lead to a goitre and hypothyroidism. A lack in children may cause the permanent brain damage of cretinism, and as a result it is added to salt and bread to…

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Hydroxocobalamin (Vitamin B12)

Hydroxocobalamin (cyanocobalamin) is a water-soluble form of vitamin B12 that is found in liver, sardines, chicken, eggs and dairy products. It is used in medicine as an injection (the common trade name is Neo-Cytamen) to treat pernicious anaemia, pins and needles sensation of the feet and some eye disorders (eg.…

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Glucose

Glucose (C6H12O6) is a complex sugar found in many fruits and used as a sweetener. It is the chief source of energy for every cell in the body and an adequate levels is essential for normal body functions. In medicine, glucose can be used by mouth or as an injection…

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Dextrose

Dextrose is a form of glucose used in intravenous fluids given to patients with a low blood sugar level and dehydration.

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Anorectics

Anorectic drugs are used to reduce appetite. These drugs do not reduce weight but act as an aid to controlling appetite while the patient complies with a strictly controlled diet. They are available in tablet and capsule form only. Anorectics should not be used for long periods, as dependence can…

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Pudendal Block

A pudendal block is an effective form of local anaesthetic that numbs the perineum and external genitals. An injection of a local anaesthetic such as lignocaine is given through the lower part of the vagina into the wall of the pelvis around the pudendal nerves that supply the perineum. It…

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