Cellulose

Cellulose is a polysaccharide that forms the wall of plant cells and maintains their structural integrity. It forms the major part of the fibre in a human diet and is completely insoluble and indigestible, having no nutritional value, but along with other fibres being essential for the function of the…

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Chocolate

Chocolate is made from the beans of the cacao tree, which is native to South America. It is an excellent food that keeps for years without preservatives due to its high content of antioxidants. It contains lots of energy rich carbohydrates, fats that are generally of the better types (equal…

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Cod Liver Oil

Cod liver oil (the most common form of fish oil) is a very old form of multivitamin (particularly A and D) and fatty acid supplementation. It is found in a large range of over the counter and health shop medications and is available as a cream, capsule and mixture. It…

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Coffee

Coffee is a drink containing caffeine that acts as a mild stimulant. Coffee is derived from the tree Coffea arabica that grows in tropical climates worldwide but is native to Africa. It has also been used to treat headaches and mild asthma and causes frequent urination. Excessive consumption may lead to…

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Caffeine

The caffeine in coffee, tea, cocoa, chocolate and cola drinks acts as a stimulant, but depending on the strength, there may be more in tea than in coffee. The following gives a comparison of the caffeine content of different foodstuffs:- 100 mL. of brewed coffee contains 60 to 130 mg.…

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Calisthenics

Calisthenics is an exercise program that concentrates on the movement of one group of muscles at a time. It aims to achieve the smooth controlled movement of muscles rather than strength.

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Cellulite

Fat over hips and thighs causing dimpling is called cellulite by cosmetic surgeons and beauty therapists. It is not a disease, and not strictly a medical term but a cosmetic one.

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Cholesterol – Low Cholesterol Diet

A low cholesterol diet provides for the following foods to be allowed and avoided:- FOODS ALLOWED Vegetables, chicken breast, cereals, margarine, fruit and nuts, dark chocolate, fish, olive oil, lean meat, pasta, skim milk, wine and beer. FOODS TO AVOID Sausages, hamburgers, pies, mince, chicken skin and legs, pizza, offal (liver,…

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Carbohydrates (Carbs) – Excessive Consumption

When excess carbohydrates are taken, they are eventually absorbed as single sugars – glucose or fructose. You would burn some amount for immediate energy needs, while the rest is converted into glycogen and gets stored in the liver and muscles as a form of energy – sufficient for use as…

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Coenzyme Q10 (Ubiquinone)

Coenzyme Q10 or CoQ10 (correctly called ubiquinone) was first isolated from beef heart mitochondria by Dr. Frederick Crane in 1957. It is a fat-soluble, vitamin-like substance that is ubiquitous (present everywhere) in every cell of the body and is involved in biochemical reactions that produce energy. It is manufactured from…

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