Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6)

Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) is a water soluble vitamin. It is essential for the metabolism of protein and amino acids, the formation of antibodies, the absorption of vitamin B12 and many other biochemical functions within the body. It is found in red meat, whole grain cereals, peanuts and soybeans. The recommended daily…

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Pyknic

The term pyknic is used to describe a specific body shape (habitus) which is rounded, short limbs, full face, broad short neck, round head, thick shoulders and trunk, generally stocky and slightly obese. It is the opposite of aesthenic.

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Protein

A protein is a complex molecule that forms the basis of all life, and is composed of two or more amino acids. It is essential in the diet for growth, repair and replacement of tissue. Animal products (meat, fish, eggs, cheese) provide much protein in a form able to be used…

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Potassium

Potassium is a mineral that is vital for muscle contraction and conduction of nerve impulses. It is also involved in cell wall function and the formation and function of enzymes. Potassium (the chemical symbol is K) is balanced against sodium in the body – as one rises the other falls.…

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Polyunsaturated Fats

The term polyunsaturated refers to compounds that contain several double or triple bonds between atoms that can be opened to accept more atoms into the molecule. Polyunsaturated fats (fatty acids) is one that has two or more double bonds between carbon atoms in its carbon ring that can be opened…

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Pickwickian Syndrome

The Pickwickian syndrome is named after the extraordinarily obese Dickens character, and is a complication of being seriously obese that usually occurs in women. Patients have significant shortness of breath, gross obesity, tiredness, blue skin (cyanosis), shallow breathing, , high blood pressure (hypertension) and heart failure. Pneumonia and other serious…

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Phosphorus

Phosphorus is a mineral found in many natural compounds including dairy foods, meat, fish, nuts, eggs and cereals. A natural deficiency is therefore very unusual. Virtually all the phosphorus (P) in the body is combined with calcium in the bones and teeth. About 20% is involved in organic and other…

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Phentermine (Duromine)

Phentermine (Duromine) is an anorectic medication used to reduce appetite in obesity. One capsule only is taken at breakfast time. It is not for use in pregnancy, breastfeeding or children under twelve years. Do not take phentermine if suffering from uncontrolled high blood pressure, heart disease, overactive thyroid gland, recent…

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Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)

Pantothenic acid is the chemical name of vitamin B5. It is a water-soluble vitamin and the recommended daily allowance of vitamin B5 is 4 to 7 mg. A large number of preparations include pantothenic acid or its derivative panthenol, alone or in combination with other vitamins and minerals. It is…

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