Reye syndrome is a rare brain and liver inflammation. It is more common in children under six years of age.
Reye syndrome is named after the Australian pathologist (Douglas Reye, 1912 to 1977) who first described it.
No specific treatment is available, but attempts are made to control the brain swelling and assist breathing. There is a death rate in excess of 30% and it is often rapidly fatal. Permanent liver or brain damage may occur in survivors.